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The Subquark Model
of the structure of elementary particles
and interactions between them

Main properties of the Subquark Model „MSq":

  • only two types of basic sub-particles exist: subquark x  and (anti)subquark y;
  • subquarks can be in one of 4 spin-rotation states and are always connected with themselves into rotating pairs;
  • all particles (leptons, mesons, hadrons, nuclides and gauge bosons) are built from such subquark pairs; there is no stiff assumption as for amounts of sub-particles building the given particle (from 2 subquarks in pair to thousands of such pairs connected with oneself and creating structures similar to crystal);
  • in this model it is possible exactly to calculate invariant masses of particles on the basis of their detailed structure from subquarks;
  • practically all quantum numbers (known from SM and additionally implemented into MSq) are representing with oneself real physics quantities;
  • this model is demonstrating on what principles and how is generated the electric charge and mass of the particle (baryon and lepton) ;
  • a basic particle called the "g" and having the spin ± 3/2 h  appears; with electron neutrinos it is one of the most important basic particles appearing in the Universe; it is not only corresponding with parameters to hypothetical gravitino, but bonded with its anti-gg) are taking an active part in all gluon bonds; they are "mass-makers" in many particles;
  • the model is explaining a phenomenon of the left-handedness of matter, as well as  CP-symmetry violation (on the example of structures of kaons);
  • the model is explaining, what dark energy and matter can be;
  • comparing the Subquark Model to the Standard Model is showing that: quarks from SM have subquark structure, different variants of their structure are appearing, quantum numbers of the smell of quarks are pointing at their type of the „crystalline" structure.

        This paper is a continuation and a considerable expansion of my primal subquarks model presented at scientific meetings in 1993:

1. The Subquarks Model of Gamma Quants, Neutrinos and Another Elementary Particles, presented at the EAS Second General Meeting, Toruń, Poland, (August 18-21, 1993);

2. The Subquarks Model of Elementary Particles, presented at the XVII International School of Theoretical Physics „Standard Model & Beyond'93", Szczyrk, Poland, (September 19-27, 1993).

MSq, subquark, elementary particle, mass, bond, Universe, quark, dark energy, dark matter

Short discussing six parts of the publication:

Contents - description